Thursday, March 02, 2017
Taiwanese in China and their Multiple Identities, 1895-1945
From "Taiwanese in China and their Multiple Identities, 1895-1945", Chap. 4 in Multicultural Challenges and Redefining Identity in East Asia by Nam-Kook Kim (Google Books). In the initial years, the Chinese called the Taiwanese "scoundrels" and viewed them as rogues and criminals...
According to the writer, the dislike of Chinese for Taiwanese shifted in the 1930s. As China and Japan began to clash, Taiwanese became the objects for intense hatred for being Japanese. As a result, Taiwanese began concealing their identities when working in China. Some took on fake provincial identities as Fujian or Guangdong people so they could register for school.Others pretended to be Chinese who had lived in Taiwan. In addition to treating Taiwanese as Japanese, the Chinese also treated them as barbarians who lay outside civilization, shengfan ("raw savages").
During the KMT era and the war with Japan, things worsened... but I will discuss that tomorrow...
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